Albert Camus - Life Stories, Books, and Links
Biographical Information

Stories about Albert Camus

Selected works by this author

Selected books about / related to this author

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Picture of Albert Camus, author of The Plague, L'Etranger (The Outsider, The Stranger), and The First Man; twentieth century French Literature
Albert Camus   (1913 - 1960)
Category:  French Literature
Born:  November 7, 1913
Mondovi, Algeria
Died:  January 4, 1960
Sens, Algeria
Related authors:
Frantz Fanon, Nikos Kazantzakis
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Albert Camus - LIFE STORIES
1/4/1960     Albert Camus, The First Man
On this day in 1960 Albert Camus was killed in a car crash outside Paris, at the age of forty-seven. The incomplete manuscript of The First Man, the autobiographical novel that Camus was working on at his death, was found in the mud at the accident site and published by his daughter in 1995. Camus hoped that it would be his masterpiece and some critics think it is, even unfinished.
5/19/1942     Albert Camus, The Outsider
Camus' first and most famous novel L'Etranger, translated as The Stranger, or The Outsider, was published on May 19th, 1942, the same year as the movie Casablanca was released. Camus, like Rick, helped with the Resistance movement, and many photographs show him looking like Humphrey Bogart; his book became a cult-classic too, and the best-selling French novel of the 20th century.
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Resistance, Rebellion, and Death
The First Man   (Le Premier Homme)
The Myth of Sisyphus
The Plague   (La Peste)
The Rebel   (L'Homme révolté)
The Stranger   (L'Étanger, The Outsider)
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@ la lettre
A French-language website offers a short biography, chronology of events in the author's life, and summaries of L' Étranger, La Peste, and La Chute. With links to related online resources.
Albert Camus Critical Interpretation Homepage
Find a short biography and several essays (many of which appear to be written by students) offering critical analysis of The Plague, Nausea, The Myth of Sysiphus, and The Stranger. Also offers selected essays by Camus titled "The Absurd Man," "The Myth of The Myth of Sysiphus," "Ephemeral Creation," "The Minotaur," and "Between Yes and No" -- the latter excerpted from The Wrong Side and the Right Side.
Albert Camus, 1957 Nobel Prize in Literature
Camus was awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times." Visit the official Nobel website for an author biography, Camus's Nobel Lecture and Swedish Stamps, and other resources.
Essay: "Camus's Call to Bear Witness"
A study of the transformation of Camus's ideas of humanity, comparing their portrayals in The Plague and The Fall.

"In The Plague, published in 1948, following the liberation of the Jews by the Allied Armies, Camus asserts a surprisingly hopeful existential philosophy of the power of individuals, of humanity, to resist against a ravaging plague (i.e., the Nazi occupation). He does not attribute this power to God or any god, but to the individual alone. Nearly ten years later, however, Camus writes another novel that reveals a transformation of his ideas. He does not doubt the power of the individual, but in The Fall, he comes to the conclusion that the majority of individuals during the reign of the Nazi regime, (individuals worldwide, too), lacked the belief that they could resist so powerful a machine, and, therefore, did not respond to the horrors of the time."
Le Web Camus
This French-language website offers insight into Camus's career as a journalist, the lives of his friends and peers, and selected works. Also offers links to other websites, and answers to many frequently asked questions, including "Is Camus an Existentialist?" Camus's answer: no.

"Sartre et moi nous nous étonnons toujours de voir nos deux noms associés. Nous pensons même publier un jour une petite annonce où les soussignés avoir rien en commun et se refuseront à répondre des dettes qu'ils pourraient contracter respectivement. Car enfin, c'est une plaisanterie. (...) Sartre est existentialiste, et le seul livre d'idées que j'ai publié: Le Mythe de Sisyphe, était dirigé contre les philosophes existentialistes."

Roughly translated: "Sartre and I are always astonished to see our names linked. We've thought to one day publish an annoucement which says that the undersigned have nothing in common and refuse to discuss the issue further. After all, it's a joke. (...) Sartre is an existentialist, and the only book of theory I've published, The Myth of Sisyphus, directly contradicts existentialist philosophy."
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November 27, 2015
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