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Picture of Derek Walcott, author of Tiepolo's Hound and Omeros; writer, poet and dramatist; twentieth century Saint Lucian Literature

January 23, 1930
Derek Walcott   (1930 - )
Derek Walcott's Caribbean Nobel
by Steve King

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On this day in 1930 Derek Walcott was born on St. Lucia. Walcott's two-dozen collections of poems and plays -- one recent work, Tiepolo's Hound, widens the range by including his paintings -- earned the 1992 Nobel. The Nobel committee cited the "multicultural commitment" in Walcott's work, and so many followed suit (often adding "post-colonial") that interviewers now get a forewarning: "If anybody uses the word 'multiculturalism' I'm walking out of the room." There is a similar island breeze in Walcott's other interviews: Describe a typical day? "I work very early until noon, then look at nonsense on the TV in my pajamas." Why does he rise at dawn? "To smoke." Fame?
    This is Fame: Sundays,
    an emptiness
    as in Balthus,
    cobbled alleys,
    sunlit, aureate,
    a wall, a brown tower
    at the end of a street,
    a blue without bells,
    like a dead canvas
    set in its white
    frame. . . .
Walcott is certainly committed to the Caribbean and its diversity: "There is some kind of devotion that happens in small places that is very intense," he says. More grandly, Joseph Brodsky says that the West Indes were "discovered by Columbus, colonized by the British, and immortalized by Walcott." Walcott's quarrel with the m-word is that it is just policy-talk, a hopeless contrivance by politicians and the tourist industry. It is a word that the Islands, having happily enjoyed the real thing for so long, do not need:
    I was entitled to the feast of Husein, to the mirrors and crepe-paper temples of the Muslim epic, to the Chinese Dragon Dance, to the rites of that Sephardic Jewish synagogue that was once on Something Street. I am only one-eighth the writer I might have been had I contained all the fragmented languages of Trinidad.
That is from Walcott's Nobel speech, which he used as an opportunity to scorn those who look upon Caribbean culture "as grammarians look at a dialect, as cities look on provinces and empires on their colonies ... illegitimate, rootless, mongrelized." Borrowing upon his heritage and his "mulatto of styles," Walcott's Omeros (1992) repositions The Odyssey in St. Lucia; his more recent collection, White Egrets (winner of the 2011 T. S. Eliot Prize, ranges the world, but always going forth from and returning to the islands:
    ...at night, the stars
    are far fishermen's fires, not glittering cities,
    Genoa, Milan, London, Madrid, Paris,
    but crab-hunters' torches. This small place produces
    nothing but beauty, the wind-warped trees, the breakers
    on the Dennery cliffs, and the wild light that loosens
    a galloping mare on the plain of Vieuxfort make us
    merely receiving vessels of each day's grace,
    light simplifies us whatever our race or gifts.
    I'm content as Kavanagh with his few acres;
    for my heart to be torn to shreds like the sea's lace,
    to see how its wings catch colour when a gull lifts.
    (from "The Lost Empire")

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