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Picture of Ernest Hemingway, author of Three Stories and Ten Poems; novelist and poet; twentieth century American Literature and poetry


 
August 13, 1923
Ernest Hemingway   (1899 - 1961)
 
Hemingway's Debut
 
by Steve King

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On this day in 1923 Ernest Hemingway published his first book, Three Stories and Ten Poems. This was an edition of 300 copies, put out by friend and fellow expatriate, the writer -- publisher Robert McAlmon. Both had arrived in Paris in 1921, Hemingway an unpublished twenty-two-year-old journalist with a recent bride, a handful of letters of introduction provided by Sherwood Anderson, and a clear imperative: "All you have to do is write one true sentence." This effort would take place in his garret hotel room and in the café -- bars where, if you were lucky, the oysters were fresh, the wine was dry, the girls were pretty and life was A Moveable Feast:
    It was a pleasant café, warm clean and friendly, and I hung up my old waterproof on the coat rack to dry and put my worn and weathered felt hat on the rack above the bench and ordered a café au lait. The waiter brought it and I took out a notebook from the pocket of the coat and a pencil and started to write. I was writing about up in Michigan and since it was a wild, cold, blowing day it was that sort of day in the story....
    The story was writing itself and I was having a hard time keeping up with it. I ordered another rum St. James and I watched the girl whenever I looked up, or when I sharpened the pencil with a pencil sharpener with the shavings curling into the saucer under my drink.
    I've seen you, beauty, and you belong to me now, whoever you are waiting for and if I never see you again, I thought. You belong to me and all Paris belongs to me and I belong to this notebook and this pencil.
"Up in Michigan" was one of the three stories in the first book; some of the poems were about the Michigan boyhood too, and less confident. This is "Along with Youth":
    A porcupine skin,
    Stiff with bad tanning,
    It must have ended somewhere.
    Stuffed horned owl
    Pompous
    Yellow-eyed;
    Chuck-wills-widow on a biased twig
    Sooted with dust.
    Piles of old magazines,
    Drawers of boys' letters
    And the line of love
    They must have ended somewhere.
    Yesterday's Tribune is gone
    Along with youth
    And the canoe that went to pieces on the beach
    The year of the big storm
    When the hotel burned down
    At Seney, Michigan.
In a review of the book in the Paris Tribune (November 27, 1923), Gertrude Stein gave Hemingway's writing her unique stamp of approval:
    I may say of Ernest Hemingway that as he sticks to poetry and intelligence it is both poetry and intelligent.... I should say that Hemingway should stick to poetry and intelligence and eschew the hotter emotions and the more turgid vision. Intelligence and a great deal of it is a good thing to use when you have it, it's all for the best.

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Related authors:  A. P. Herbert, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Gertrude Stein, James Joyce, Janet Flanner, John Dos Passos, Michael Palin, Morley Callaghan, Raymond Carver, Sherwood Anderson, Sinclair Lewis, Sylvia Beach, Thornton Wilder, Wyndham Lewis
 
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